Canning jars are a category of utilitarian bottles that were often made by fairly distinctive strategies and/or timelines compared to most other utilitarian bottles of a offered period. As an example, canning jars ended up Nearly certainly the 1st glass containers to become generally made by machines (semi-automated) starting from the early to mid 1890s.
Bottle makers catalogs once the late 1890s only listing hexagonal designs, if they listing any gothic design and style sauces.
Like Using the gothic peppersauce bottles protected earlier, these style pickle bottles also were being manufactured in square and hexagonal variations and also with scores of various and often quite subtle attractive design variations.
A person perplexing function about cylindrical (and occasionally sq.) milk bottles made through the 1st half from the 20th century is definitely the fading in the vertical side mould seams around the upper neck.
This portion includes two lessons of "baby foodstuff" bottles: bottles/jars which contained some sort of more or less good infant meals solution; and nursing bottles intended to provide milk or other liquids. They're protected independently underneath.
This section addresses the mostly encountered canning jar/closure varieties, Even though at the conclusion of this portion is a desk with many dozen links to images of various jars/closures produced throughout the 2nd 50 % from the 19th century to provide buyers a really feel for the enormous variants probable. For example, the jar group graphic earlier mentioned exhibits a little assortment of unconventional mid to late 19th century closures. (Photograph courtesy of Greg Spurgeon Antiques.) In general, all canning jars usually share a few binding attributes: an extremely huge mouth/bore, a proportionally tall physique and shorter neck, and some kind of (with any luck ,) air restricted sealing closure (Toulouse 1969a; McKearin & Wilson 1978).
The moderately broad mouth quart+ bottle/jar pointed out before - and pictured to the above mentioned left - is labeled (no human body embossing) as having been useful for "Crown Brand Queen Olives" by the S. S. Pierce Co. of Boston, MA. This was a large Boston dependent food items packing organization (of which there have been several) which was set up for a corner food market in 1831 and promptly blossomed to "Importers and Grocers" manufacturing and importing scores of goods; they ended up nevertheless in enterprise as late as 1980 (Zumwalt 1980). This style was named an "English chow," "English pickle," or "chow chow" by bottle makers though was naturally useful for other foods (Illinois Glass Co. 1906; Kearns-Gorsuch Bottle Co. 1916). This distinct jar has an utilized, 1-portion "wide packer" (or "wide patent") finish, was blown inside a post-base mould, and it has solitary shoulder air venting marks on either side. More substantial bottles similar to this had been manufactured Using these diagnostic capabilities (the applied end & write-up-base mould conformation) into the 1890s or even early 1900s (specially Should the jar was imported) which was much afterwards than other lesser, narrower bore bottles.
A person other especially frequent cylindrical salad dressing bottle ended up Individuals used by the E. R. DURKEE & CO. These will likely be protected in long term updates to this website page (and as soon as the writer acquires some examples As an example the information).
The only certain way to inform if these type bottles were utilized for horse radish (or regardless of what) is if they are embossed and/or labeled as that contains this sort of, like each pictured bottles below.
This structure permitted wax, wax-dipped string, or other sealing compounds to get positioned into the groove. When canning, a correctly sized spherical metal cap (generally tin) with a turned down edge or "skirt" was then pressed into the warm wax to seal the jar. Alternatively, the cap was initial positioned into the finish, then sizzling wax poured into the groove to seal.
Relationship summary/notes: This fashion appears to obtain originated in the 1850s, or perhaps the late 1840s, and was produced until near to the tip on the mouth-blown era as examples have been shown in bottle makers catalogs until at the least as late as 1909 (Lohmann 1972). Just one crude early machine-designed illustration (with a large bore crown style finish!
Click on Crosse & Blackwell chow go to this website chow bottle to see an identical bottle with the first label from this venerable English corporation which commenced in 1706 and is reportedly nonetheless carrying out enterprise today (Zumwalt 1980; Caniff 1997). Quite a few (although not all) on the mouth-blown bottles used by Crosse & Blackwell have C & B embossed on The bottom, the identical Actual physical production linked attributes as the pictured bottle to the best, and day within the similar time period pointed out earlier mentioned (Toulouse 1971). Simply click Crosse & Blackwell chow chow with out base embossing to check out an illustration found in Montana that features a fragmental label indicating use by Crosse & Blackwell but without having C & B embossed on The bottom. (Picture courtesy of Scott Snyder.)
Vertically ribbed: Tall, comparatively slim sauce bottles with various kinds of vertical ribs, ridging or fluting had been a quite common conformation from as early because the late 1840s or early 1850s effectively in to the early 20th century (Switzer 1974; Zumwalt 1980). Mouth-blown vertically ribbed sauce bottles were being commonly crafted from aqua glass, even though colorless or light-weight amethyst (manganese dioxide decolorized glass) examples are rather common and further greens and blues at times seen.
This part on canning/fruit jars (commonly just termed "canning jars" right here) is arranged by The main function of the considerable class: the sealing closure.